Update COVID-19 in Indonesia: 365,240 confirmed infections, 12,617 deaths (19 October 2020)
19 October 2020 (closed)
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Better late than never! On 10 April 2020 large-scale social restrictions were imposed in the capital city of Jakarta through Jakarta Gubernatorial Regulation No. 33/2020, and Jakarta Gubernatorial Decree No. 380/2020. The regulation and decree, which both aim at curtailing the further spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19) in Jakarta, were imposed around five weeks after the very first COVID-19 case was confirmed in Indonesia (namely in Depok, a city located within the Jakarta metropolitan area).
At first, the large-scale social restrictions (in Indonesian: Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, or PSBB) were imposed in Jakarta for the duration of two weeks, starting from 10 April 2020 (up to 24 April). However, most people assumed that the restrictions would be extended, and possibly even intensified, by the Jakarta administration as the end of the COVID-19 crisis is not in sight yet in Indonesia.
In fact, while the latest developments suggest that the peak in COVID-19 infections and fatalities has passed in hardest-hit nations in the West (such as the United States, Spain, and Italy) as well as China, the peak is still to come in Indonesia. Indonesian virologists expect this peak to come somewhere between mid-May and end-June 2020.
This article discusses the following:
• What exactly are these large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) – and other measures. And, how does the mechanism work for an Indonesian region to impose PSBB?
• What are the specific regulations (set in Jakarta Gubernatorial Regulation No. 33/2020) for restaurants, transportation, and people's behavior?
• It has been several weeks since the PSBB was imposed in Jakarta. Can we see some results already? Is the PSBB in Jakarta working?
• What is undermining effectiveness of Jakarta's PSBB? Conflicting regulations, weak cooperation/coordination between separate ministries, between central and regional authorities, and between separate regional authorities.
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