Another issue is that the government should actively downplay expectations that any of these economic policy packages can make a big difference on the short-term. The reality is that none of these packages had significant positive short-term effects and indeed the packages require time before the impact can be felt. However, due to high expectations and few visible short-term effects, people can thus get the impression that the packages have failed.

Lastly, there exists a problem regarding the implementation of the economic policy packages at the regional governments. While participation and commitment of the regional governments are vital for the success of the packages, cooperation and coordination between the central and regional authorities of Indonesia remains a troublesome issue in the era of decentralization in the Post-Suharto era.

Obviously the implementation of uniform policies across this huge archipelago is an extremely challenging undertaking, especially because there exist a multitude of social and cultural differences between the regions. However, weak coordination and cooperation between center and regions is also caused by the low quality of human resources, especially at the regional level. In some cases the reforms ordered by the center may undermine regional revenue streams and therefore regional leaders are reluctant to impose the packages in full force.

Despite the 14 economic policy packages, overall macroeconomic growth of Indonesia accelerated only slightly to 5.02 percent (y/y) in full-year 2016 (from 4.8 percent y/y in the preceding year).

Read more: Economic Growth Indonesia: GDP at 5.02% in 2016, Not Good, Not Bad

Enny Sri Hartati, economist at Indef, emphasized that government-led infrastructure development will only have a major positive impact on the economy (the so-called multiplier effect) if infrastructure development is indeed in line with the potential of the regional economic context. Her words imply that she believes the government may be too enthusiastically boosting infrastructure development without undertaking a careful study first that can confirm whether an infrastructure project will indeed have a big positive effect on the regional economy.

On the other hand, Hartati added that too much planning and hesitation without proper action would also be problematic. For example, when during the Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration the Masterplan for Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development was unveiled, there was plenty of comprehensive studying and documentation done previously. However, in the end not even 20 percent of the masterplan's targets were realized.

Economic Stimulus Packages of the Indonesian Government:

Package Unveiled Main Points
1st 9 September
• Boost industrial competitiveness through deregulation
• Curtail red tape
• Enhance law enforcement & business certainty
2nd 30 September
• Interest rate tax cuts for exporters
• Speed up investment licensing for investment in industrial estates
• Relaxation import taxes on capital goods in industrial estates & aviation
3rd 7 October
• Cut energy tariffs for labor-intensive industries
4th 15 October
• Fixed formula to determine increases in labor wages
• Soft micro loans for >30 small & medium, export-oriented, labor-intensive businesses
5th 22 October
• Tax incentive for asset revaluation
• Scrap double taxation on real estate investment trusts
• Deregulation in Islamic banking
6th 5 November
• Tax incentives for investment in special economic zones
7th 4 December
• Waive income tax for workers in the nation's labor-intensive industries
• Free leasehold certificates for street vendors operating in 34 state-owned designated areas
8th 21 December
• Scrap income tax for 21 categories of airplane spare parts
• Incentives for the development of oil refineries by the private sector
• One-map policy to harmonize the utilization of land
9th 27 January
• Single billing system for port services conducted by SOEs
• Integrate National Single Window system with 'inaportnet' system
• Mandatory use of Indonesian rupiah for payments related to transportation activities
• Remove price difference between private commercial and state postal services
10th 11 February
• Removing foreign ownership cap on 35 businesses
• Protecting small & medium enterprises as well as cooperatives
11th 29 March
• Lower tax rate on property acquired by local real estate investment trusts
• Harmonization of customs checks at ports (to curtail dwell time)
• Government subsidizes loans for export-oriented small & medium enterprises
• Roadmap for the pharmaceutical industry
12th 28 April
• Enhancing the ease of doing business in Indonesia by cutting procedures, permits and costs
13th 24 August
• Deregulation for residential property projects for low-income families
14th 10 November
• Creating a roadmap for the nation's e-commerce industry:
- easing and widening access to funding
- offer tax incentives
- harmonize regulations and gradually develop a national payment gateway
- promote e-commerce awareness campaigns and improve e-commerce education
- accelerate the development of high-speed broadband network
- improve the e-commerce logistics system
15th ?