Indonesia's abundance and variety of commodities is a vital asset to the country's economy (and government revenues) as commodities account for around 60 percent of exports. But being a major commodity producing and exporting country also implies being more susceptible to the effects of volatility in commodity prices on the global commodity market. This requires effective policy strategies in times of both price downswings and price upswings.
Being mainly a raw commodity-exporting country, the government is currently focussed on stimulating the establishment of downstream processing industries to deliver value-added products. This strategy will have significant impact on certain (export) industries such as mining and minerals. Policy changes that influence the investment climate in these industries are discussed in our Business Columns and News Columns.
|Indonesian Production or Reserves (R)||Global Production or Reserves (R)||Indonesia's Share of Total|
|Coal||241.1 mln tons oil equiv.||3,830.1 mln tons oil equiv.||6.3%|
|Coalbed Methane||453 trillion cubic feet (R)||7,550 trillion cubic feet (R)||6.0%|
|Cocoa||0.48 million tonnes||3.96 million tonnes||12.2%|
|Coffee||9.4 million 60 kg bags||141.7 million 60 kg bags||6.6%|
|Crude Oil||825,000 bpd||91,670,000 bpd||0.9%|
|Geothermal Energy||27,510 MW (R)||68,775 MW (R)||40.0%|
|Gold||109.9 tons||3,109.0 tons||3.5%|
|Natural Gas||75.0 billion m³||3538.6 billion m³||2.1%|
|Palm Oil||31.0 million tons||60.0 million tons||51.7%|
|Rice||70.6 million tons||744.0 million tons||9.5%|
|Rubber (Natural)||3.2 million tons*||12 million tons*||26.7%|
|Tea||0.13 million tons||5.03 million tons||2.6%|