Click on an economic indicator below to read a detailed account.

Last Update: 26 March 2018

    2016   2017  2018¹  2019¹  2020¹
Gross Domestic Product²
  (annual % change)
   5.0    5.1    5.2    5.3    5.4
• Inflation/CPI
  (annual % change)
   3.0    3.6    4.0    4.5    4.0
• Government Debt
  (% of GDP)
  27.9   28.5   28.8   29.0
Exchange Rate
  (IDR/USD)
13,309 13,381 13,850 13,900
Benchmark Interest Rate
  
(%)
  4.75   4.25
Current Account Balance
 
(% of GDP)
  -1.8   -1.7   -2.1   -2.0
• Population
  (in millions)
  261   264   267
• Poverty
  (% of population)
  10.7   10.1
Unemployment
  (% of work force)
   5.6    5.5    5.3    5.2
• Foreign Exchange Reserves
  (in billion USD)
 116.4  130.2

¹ indicates a forecast
² Statistics Indonesia (BPS) shifted the basis of the computation from the year 2000 to 2010 and adopted a significantly updated methodology, hence GDP growth results between 2010 and 2014 have been revised in early 2015

    2011   2012   2013   2014   2015
Gross Domestic Product²
  (annual % change)
   6.2    6.0    5.6    5.0    4.8
• Inflation/CPI
  (annual % change)
   5.4    4.3    8.4    8.4    3.4
Government Debt
  (% of GDP)
  23.1   23.0   24.9   24.7   26.9
Exchange Rate
  (IDR/USD)
 8,773  9,419 11,563 11,800 13,389
Current Account Balance
 
(% of GDP)
   0.2   -2.8   -3.3   -3.1   -2.1
Benchmark Interest Rate
 
(%)
  6.00   5.75   7.50   7.75   7.50
• Population
  (in millions)
  245   248   251   254   258
• Poverty
  (% of population)
  12.5   11.7   11.5   11.0   11.2
Unemployment
  (% of work force)
   6.6    6.1    6.3    5.9    6.2
• Foreign Exchange Reserves
  (in billion USD)
 110.1  112.8   99.4  111.9  105.9

² Statistics Indonesia (BPS) shifted the basis of the computation from the year 2000 to 2010 and adopted a significantly updated methodology, hence GDP growth results between 2010 and 2014 have been revised in early 2015
Sources: Indonesia Investments, World Bank, Statistics Indonesia (BPS), Bank Indonesia, International Monetary Fund (IMF), and Fitch Ratings