Update COVID-19 in Indonesia: 1,542,516 confirmed infections, 41,977 deaths (6 April 2021)
14 April 2021 (closed)
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Weak demand across Indonesia, a consequence of the COVID-19 crisis, persisted into the second month of 2021 with Indonesia’s consumer price index (CPI) showing a modest inflation rate of 0.10 percent month-on-month (m/m) in February 2021.
However, also without the COVID-19 crisis, demand in Indonesia is typically a bit on the weaker side in the months of February and March (as demand eases after the festive holiday period in December and January). So, the decline of a 0.26 percent (m/m) inflation rate in January 2021 to 0.10 percent (m/m) in February 2021 is in line with expectations.
Still, the COVID-19 crisis clearly drags down overall demand, with Indonesia’s higher upper middle class and elite spending less money (and saving more money on bank accounts), while the country’s lower middle class (and poor) are plagued by limited purchasing power (partly because of layoffs and the loss of incomes in the micro, small and medium enterprises brought about by the COVID-19 crisis).
This shows in the declining trend of Indonesia’s core inflation (which excludes the volatile food and government administered energy prices). Over the past months, core inflation eased from 1.60 percent year-on-year (y/y) in December 2020, to 1.56 percent (y/y) in January 2021, and to 1.53 percent (y/y) in February 2021.
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