The decision to lift the ban has a positive impact on the whole aviation industry of Indonesia as trustworthiness rises. In 2007 the FAA had downgraded Indonesia's safety rating to category 2 as there had occurred a series of fatal air-crashes and incidents in Indonesia in the preceding years, while the operational control systems in Indonesia's aviation industry was considered weak. Moreover, audits conducted by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) detected 121 loopholes in the Indonesian air safety oversight system.

Although there still occur fatal air-crashes and incidents in Indonesia (for example the fatal crashes of Indonesian Air Force Lockheed C-130 Hercules in Medan in June 2015 and Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 in the Java Sea in December 2014), the oversight system of Indonesia has improved leading to the lifting of the ban. The audit that was conducted by FAA started in early 2015 and focused on three basic aspects of Indonesia's air transport industry: (1) regulations, (2) operation and (3) airworthiness. Also, Indonesia's human resources working in the aviation industry are now in accordance with international standards.

In June 2016, the European Commission removed bans against three Indonesian airlines (Citilink, Lion Air and Batik Air), meaning that they meet international standards and therefore are allowed to enter the European Union's airspace. Earlier, in 2009 and 2010, the EU had already lifted bans on Garuda Indonesia, Airfast Indonesia, Ekspres Transportasi Antarbenua (Premiair), and Indonesia AirAsia. However, only Garuda Indonesia currently serves flights to Europe.

Indonesia's national flag carrier Garuda Indonesia is expected to launch flights to Los Angeles and New York starting from 2017.

Airline Incidents in Indonesia 2004-2016:

Airline Type of Plane Date Number of
Lion Air MD-82 30 November 2004        26
Mandala Airlines Boeing 737-200 5 September 2005       148
Adam Air Boeing 737-400 1 January 2007       102
Adam Air Boeing 737 21 February 2007         0
Garuda Indonesia Boeing 737-400 7 March 2007        22
Sriwijaya Air Boeing 737-200 27 August 2008         0
Mimika Air Pilatus PC-6 17 April 2009        10
Merpati Nusantara Airlines DHC-6 2 August 2009        16
Merpati Nusantara Airlines Boeing 737-300 13 April 2010         0
Merpati Nusantara Airlines Xian MA60 7 May 2011        25
Nusantara Buana Air CASAC 212 29 September 2011        18
Sukhoi Superjet  SSJ-100 9 May 2012        45
Lion Air Boeing 737-8GP 13 April 2013         0
Merpati Nusantara Airlines Xian MA60 10 June 2013         0
Lion Air Boeing 737–800 6 August 2013         0
Lion Air Boeing 737-900ER 1 February 2014         0
Indonesia AirAsia Airbus A320-216 28 December 2014       162
Indonesia Air Force Lockheed C-130 Hercules 30 June 2015       143
Trigana Air ATR-42 16 August 2015        54
Aviastar de Havilland Canada
DHC-6 Twin Otter
2 October 2015        10
Batik Air Boeing 737-800 4 April 2016         0

Various sources