Update COVID-19 in Indonesia: 497,668 confirmed infections, 15,884 deaths (23 November 2020)
23 November 2020 (closed)
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In rupiah terms, foreign direct investment (FDI) into Indonesia in the first quarter of 2016 grew 17.1 percent year-on-year (y/y) to IDR 96.1 trillion according to the latest data from the Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM). Meanwhile, in US dollar terms FDI in Q1-2016 rose 4.5 percent (y/y) to USD $6.9 billion (using the IDR 13,900 per USD exchange rate set in the 2016 state budget). Due to the volatile rupiah rate, Indonesia's FDI always tends to be somewhat distorted when comparing these data in different currencies or in different time intervals.
BKPM Chairman Franky Sibarani is content to see the Q1-2016 FDI data and attributed the investment growth to the government's economic policy packages. The Indonesian government has been implementing reforms through a set of economic policy packages that include tax incentives and deregulation (between September 2015 and March 2016 the government has unveiled 11 packages; see the table at the bottom of this webpage). Sibarani added that direct investment in Indonesia in the first quarter has created nearly 330,000 new jobs.
Sibarani also informed reporters that the proportion of direct investment outside the island of Java rose from 43.9 percent in Q1-2015 to 44.9 percent in Q1-2016 in line with government efforts to create a more equally divided investment distribution across Indonesia. This will help to turn Indonesia into a more equal society.
However, on a quarter-to-quarter basis, it was the first time since Q4-2011 that FDI realization in Indonesia eased. FDI realization of IDR 96.1 trillion in Q1-2016 was below the IDR 99.2 trillion FDI realization in the preceding quarter.
Foreign and Domestic Investment in Indonesia (in IDR trillion):
|Domestic Direct Investment||14.1||18.9||19.0||24.0||19.7||20.8||25.2||27.5||27.5||33.1||33.5||34.1|
|Foreign Direct Investment||39.5||43.1||46.5||46.2||51.5||56.1||56.6||65.5||65.5||66.7||67.0||71.2|
Source: Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM)
The largest foreign investor in Indonesia remains Singapore (investing USD $2.9 billion in Q1-2016), followed by Japan (USD $1.6 billion), Hong Kong (USD $500 million), China (USD $500 million), and the Netherlands (USD $300 million). China recorded a spectacular 400 percent (y/y) growth pace in terms of FDI in Indonesia in the first quarter on the back of several smelter projects (for example the Well Harvest Mining and Morowali projects) and infrastructure projects (such as the Jakarta-Bandung fast train project). Moreover, it is well-known that many Chinese companies invest in Indonesia through their Singapore-based subsidiaries and therefore FDI from China is actually larger than the figures would suggest.
Regarding domestic direct investment, BKPM reported a 18.6 percent (y/y) growth to IDR 50.4 trillion (USD $3.6 billion using the rupiah rate set in the 2016 State Budget). As such, total investment into Indonesia (foreign direct investment plus domestic direct investment) rose 24.6 percent (y/y) to IDR 146.5 trillion in Q1-2016, roughly 25 percent of BKPM's full-year target. In full-year 2016 BKPM targets to see IDR 595 trillion in total direct investment in Indonesia, up approx. 9 percent from investment realization of IDR 545.4 trillion in 2015.
The FDI data released by BKPM today (25/04) are excluding the oil & gas and banking sectors.
Economic Stimulus Packages of the Indonesian Government:
|• Boost industrial competitiveness through deregulation
• Curtail red tape
• Enhance law enforcement & business certainty
|• Interest rate tax cuts for exporters
• Speed up investment licensing for investment in industrial estates
• Relaxation import taxes on capital goods in industrial estates & aviation
|• Cut energy tariffs for labor-intensive industries|
|• Fixed formula to determine increases in labor wages
• Soft micro loans for >30 small & medium, export-oriented, labor-intensive businesses
|• Tax incentive for asset revaluation
• Scrap double taxation on real estate investment trusts
• Deregulation in Islamic banking
|• Tax incentives for investment in special economic zones|
|• Waive income tax for workers in the nation's labor-intensive industries
• Free leasehold certificates for street vendors operating in 34 state-owned designated areas
|• Scrap income tax for 21 categories of airplane spare parts
• Incentives for the development of oil refineries by the private sector
• One-map policy to harmonize the utilization of land
|• Single billing system for port services conducted by SOEs
• Integrate National Single Window system with 'inaportnet' system
• Mandatory use of Indonesian rupiah for payments related to transportation activities
• Remove price difference between private commercial and state postal services
|• Removing foreign ownership cap on 35 businesses
• Protecting small & medium enterprises as well as cooperatives
|• Lower tax rate on property acquired by local real estate investment trusts
• Harmonization of customs checks at ports (to curtail dwell time)
• Government subsidizes loans for export-oriented small & medium enterprises
• Roadmap for the pharmaceutical industry