Industry Sector Mining
Industry Sub Sector Coal Mining
Established 28 July 2004
Listed 16 July 2008
Listed Company Code ADRO
Listed Shares 31,985,962,000
Dividend Yes
Major Shareholders (>5%) Adaro Strategic Investment (43.91%)
Garibaldi Thohir (6.18%)
Key Subsidiaries Adaro Indonesia
Saptaindra Sejati
Maritim Barito Perkasa
Sarana Daya Mandiri
Adaro Eksplorasi Indonesia
Documents Company Report
Main Commodities

Stock Quote Adaro Energy - ADRO:

Business Summary

Adaro Energy and its subsidiaries are engaged in coal mining and trade, coal infrastructure and logistics, mining contractor services, and power generation. Each operating subsidiary is positioned as an independent and integrated profit center in order for Adaro Energy to have a competitive and reliable coal production and a coal supply chain. In the future, Adaro Energy may publicly list its subsidiaries to support further growth and development.

Through subsidiary Adaro Indonesia, the company operates a concession in South Kalimantan (the principal mining location of Adaro Energy) which involves three mines: Tutupan, Wara and Paringin. Coal that is produced in these mines are mostly supplied to blue-chip power utilities in both Indonesia and worldwide. Adaro Energy also has mining assets in South Sumatra, Central and East Kalimantan.

The company, which started its commercial operations in Indonesia in 1992, is one of the top five exporters in the global seaborne thermal coal business and the largest supplier to Indonesia's domestic market. Adaro Energy produces a preferred type of sub-bituminous coal trademarked as Envirocoal. This high-quality, low-pollutant coal contains ultra-low ash, NOx and sulphur, and has a low-to-moderate heat value ranging from 4,000 kcal/kg to 5,000 kcal/kg on a gross as received basis (GAR).

As the coal mining industry has been plagued by low coal prices since the late 2000s, Adaro Energy has been increasingly focusing on power generation through the construction of coal-fired power plants. Given the company’s access to large coal reserves and Indonesia’s demand for electricity, the power generation business segment is expected to become a valuable asset to the company providing the company with healthy returns and stable cash flows, offsetting the negative impact of volatile coal prices on its corporate earnings. Amid solid economic growth Indonesia’s electricity demand is forecast to nearly triple to 17 quadrillion BTUs by 2030 (McKinsey estimate).

Adaro Energy's Operational Highlights:

   2014  2015  2016  2017
Coal Production volume
 56.2  51.5  52.6  51.8
Coal Sales volume
 57.0  53.1  54.1  51.8
Overburden Removal
319.1 267.0 234.1 238.7
Actual Strip Ratio
  5.8   5.2   4.5   4.6


   2009  2010  2011  2012  2013
Coal Production volume
 40.6  42.2  47.7  47.2  52.3
Coal Sales volume
 41.4  43.8  50.8  48.6  53.5
Overburden Removal
208.5 225.9 299.3 331.5 294.9
Actual Strip Ratio
    5.4   5.9   6.4   5.8

¹ million metric tons
Source: Adaro Energy, Annual Report 2017

Adaro Energy produces coal that is less environment unfriendly due to its low content of sulfur, nitrogen and ash. This coal is globally trademarked as envirocoal. About 25 percent of its coal production is consumed on the domestic market, mainly for power generation by coal-fired plants. Major export markets of Adaro Energy's coal are India, Spain, Japan, South Korea and China.

Adaro controls (or has options on) approximately 12.8 billion tons of coal resources, including 1.1 billion tons of coal reserves. The company's medium-term annual coal production target is about 80 million tons.

In addition to its coal reserves, Adaro has various other assets to support its operations, such as the 75 kilometer-long haul road connecting the mine location to the crushing facility in Kelanis (Kalimantan) as well as a coal terminal on Pulau Laut. And - through a subsidiary - Adaro Energy possesses a full mining fleet.

Strengths & Opportunities:

Resilient vertically integrated pit-to-power business model that creates efficient operations
Unique product of low to medium calorific value, sub-bituminous coal with ultra-low pollutant characteristics
Low cost producer with proven track record of production growth
Vast coal resources and reserves
Long-term contracted tonnage with diversified blue-chip customers
Financial strength
Strong domestic electricity demand supports its move into power, a natural hedge against volatile coal markets
The Asia-Pacific region’s economic growth will boost demand for energy
New boiler technologies enable the use of subbituminous coal as fuel
Tighter environmental standards support Envirocoal’s ultra-low pollutant characteristics
Scarcity of high-rank coal promotes structural changes

Weaknesses & Threats:

Adaro´s operations are located far inland and in remote locations
Coal mining is long-term, high-risk, slow yielding, volatile and a cyclical business
Mine development is capital-intensive and requires specialized knowledge
Limited product line (although the company is diversifying into power generation and will have varying products from low rank coal to coking coal through its acquisitions)
Alternative energy sources compete as suppliers for power generation
Regulatory uncertainty in both domestic and export markets
Growing concern on environmental impact of carbon emissions
Development in China, India and Mongolia allows for greater coal supply
Global economic slowdown reduces coal demand

Adaro Energy's Financial Highlights:

     2014    2015    2016    2017
Net Revenue   3,325   2,684   2,524   3,258
Net Income     183     151     341    536
Gross Profit     719     543     685   1,141
EBITDA     888     730     893   1,315
Operating Income     490     332     588    952
Total Assets   6,414   5,959   6,522   6,814
Total Liabilities   3,154   2,606   2,736   2,723
Earnings per Share¹   0.006   0.005   0.010   0.015
Dividend per Share¹ 0.00236 0.00236 0.00316


Continued    2009    2010    2011    2012
Net Revenue   2,591   2,718   3,987   3,722   3,285
Net Income     417     247     552     383     232
Gross Profit   1,057     829   1,428   1,043     744
EBITDA   1,067     883   1,472   1,111     860
Operating Income     898     638   1,131     836     539
Total Assets   4,530   4,470   5,659   6,692   6,696
Total Liabilities   2,648   2,438   3,217   3,697   3,522
Earnings per Share¹ 0,01297 0.00773 0.01721 0.01205 0.00731
Dividend per Share   29.00²   30.35² 0.00810¹ 0.00336¹ 0.00235¹

in million USD, unless otherwise stated
¹ in USD
² in IDR rupiah
Source: Adaro Energy, Annual Report 2017

Visit our Coal Mining in Indonesia section for detailed information about Indonesia's coal mining industry.

Projection Adaro Energy's Future Corporate Earnings:

   2018  2019 2020F 2021F 2022F
Net Revenue 3,620 3,457 2,741 3,084 3,327
EBITDA 1,240  999  810  959 1,029
Net Profit  418  404  280  352  394
P/E Ratio (x)   7.0   7.2  10.4   8.3   7.4
P/B Value (x)   0.7   0.7   0.7   0.7   0.6

in million USD, unless otherwise stated
Source: Trimegah Sekuritas (17/06/2020)


Contact Details

Menara Karya, 23rd Floor
Jln H.R. Rasuna Said Block X-5, Kav. 1-2
Jakarta - 12950
Phone: +62 21 2553 3000
Fax: +62 21 5211 266