While countries in Europe are also easing their COVID-19 restrictions, the difference is that the number of COVID-19 infections and fatalities in various European nations have declined drastically compared to the peak in April 2020.

Indonesia, on the contrary, shows a very different trend; a rising trend. However, it is important to realize that COVID-19 data (and especially conclusions drawn from these data) may not accurately reflect the real situation. In the case of Indonesia, for instance, the number of tests that are conducted each day, is limited, but has been rising.

Suharso Monoarfa, National Development Planning Minister, said in late-June 2020 that daily COVID-19 tests have now reached about 11,000 across the country. But this could actually mean that growing numbers of newly confirmed COVID-19 cases around Indonesia are simply caused by the increasing number of tests being taken; and not necessarily because the virus is spreading around the country. Who knows, with 50,000 tests taken per day, in theory, Indonesia may actually be displaying the same trend as the European nations in the table above. But, we want to emphasize that this is purely speculation. What is true though is that the limited number of tests being conducted in Indonesia makes it impossible to draw accurate conclusions.

And the problem of having incomplete data is that it makes policymaking a complex matter. But what we have detected in terms of policymaking is that the central and regional governments of Indonesia shifted their focus in June 2020 from prioritizing people’s health at any economic costs (through harsh and drastic social and business restrictions) to encouraging the revival of limited economic activity (and thereby jeopardizing people’s health by, potentially, allowing room for the acceleration in new COVID-19 cases).

But, in our view, Indonesia has no other option than to allow the return of a degree of economic activity. If it doesn’t, then the economic and social price that has to be paid is just too much: millions of micro, small and medium businesses, who typically have limited liquidity, or cash reserves, simply collapse. And without sales, many of them are likely to fall into poverty. In that sense, the cure could be worse than the disease.

[...]

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