The second quarter of 2013 was an eventful one as Indonesia’s economy, policy settings and financial markets adjusted to pressures which have been mounting over recent quarters and to shifts in the global environment. Following slightly weaker-than-expected growth in the first quarter, there are signs that domestic demand, particularly investment, has continued to moderate. On the fiscal front, the combination of lower revenues and higher subsidy spending continued to pressure public finances. A revised Budget, incorporating a long awaited increase in subsidized fuel prices, along with a comprehensive compensation package to reduce the impact of higher fuel prices on the poor, was approved on June 17. Meanwhile, international financial markets have reacted strongly to the prospect of quantitative easing in the US winding down in coming quarters, triggering a major sell-off in emerging market assets, including Indonesia, prompting Bank Indonesia (BI) to adjust interest rates higher.

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