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Today's Headlines BI

  • Bank Indonesia Expects USD $600 Million Trade Surplus in April 2014

    The Governor of Indonesia’s central bank (Bank Indonesia), Agus Martowardojo, expects that the country’s trade balance will post a surplus of around USD $600 million in April 2014, roughly similar to the surplus that was recorded one month earlier (USD $673 million). The April 2014 surplus would be supported by an improvement in non-oil & gas exports, stable commodity prices (particularly coal and crude palm oil/CPO), as well as the waning influence of the Minerba Act.

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  • Government of Indonesia Needs to Revise GDP Growth Target for 2014

    The Indonesian government announced to revise its GDP growth target for 2014 after seeing the disappointing economic growth result in the first quarter of 2014. Last week, Statistics Indonesia (BPS) had announced that GDP growth in Q1-2014 only amounted to 5.21 percent, far below official growth targets as well as analysts' forecasts. Indonesia's slowing growth was caused by slowing exports, brought on by the slow global recovery, China's slowing economy and the temporary impact of the ban on exports of unprocessed minerals.

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  • Bank Indonesia Maintains Interest Rates as Inflation & Trade Data Improve

    At the Board of Governors Meeting (08/05), Bank Indonesia decided to keep its benchmark interest rate (BI Rate) at 7.50 percent, the Lending Facility at 7.50 percent and the Deposit Facility at 5.75 percent. Bank Indonesia considers this monetary policy consistent with efforts to direct inflation back to its target level of 4.5 ± 1 percent in 2014 and 4.0 ± 1 percent in 2015, as well as to further ease the country's current account deficit to a more sustainable level. On Friday, Bank Indonesia is expected to release current account data covering Q1-2014.

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  • Indonesian Foreign Exchange Reserves Rise to USD $105.6 in April 2014

    The foreign exchange reserves at the central bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia) increased about USD $3 billion to USD $105.6 billion at the end of April 2014, the highest level in 15 months, particularly due to export earnings of government-owned oil and gas exporters. Bank Indonesia said that the current position of forex reserves is equivalent to 6.1 months of imports or 5.9 months of imports and servicing external debt (well above the international standard of three months of imports). Today, the central bank's Board of Governors Meeting is held.

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  • Bank Indonesia Releases the '2013 Economic Report on Indonesia'

    Bank Indonesia Releases the '2013 Economic Report on Indonesia'

    The central bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia) released its '2013 Economic Report on Indonesia' earlier this week. This report discusses in great detail both global and domestic economic dynamics as well as policy responses. The year 2013 was a year full of challenges for the Indonesian economy because of changes in global economic conditions (US Federal Reserve tapering), requiring a range of structural policy changes to steer the economy of Indonesia towards a more balanced growth and restored macroeconomic stability.

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  • Private Sector Foreign Debt in Indonesia Doubled between 2009 and 2013

    Indonesia's central bank (Bank Indonesia) said that the country's private debt has increased steadily in recent years. On the one hand this is a good sign as it indicates that the private sector is growing, but on the other hand the lender of last resort warned Indonesian companies to watch over their foreign loans as it can jeopardize the country’s financial stability. Private sector foreign debt doubled between 2009 and 2013, reaching USD $141.4 billion in January 2014. Meanwhile, public debt stood at the level of USD $127.9 billion in the same month.

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  • Foreign Exchange Reserves of Indonesia Slightly Lower in March 2014

    Indonesia’s official foreign exchange reserve assets stood at USD $102.6 billion as of the end of March 2014, a slight decline from the level of USD $102.7 billion in the previous month. The decline was mainly due to government payments in the context of its maturing global bond in March 2014. At this level, reserve assets can adequately cover 5.9 months of imports or 5.7 months of imports as  well as servicing of government external debt repayment, well above the international standards of reserves adequacy at three months of imports.

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  • Bank Indonesia: Consumer Confidence in Indonesia Remains Strong

    Indonesian consumer confidence continued to grow in March 2014. According to the latest survey of Indonesia's central bank (Bank Indonesia), the country's consumer confidence rose to 118.2 in March from 116.2 one month earlier. Indonesians are particularly optimistic about domestic economic conditions over the next six months, evidenced by a 3.2 point rise in the Consumer Expectations Index to 123.9 points. Increasing consumer confidence is positive for household consumption, an important pillar of Indonesia's economic growth.

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  • Bank Indonesia Optimistic on Posting Trade Surplus in February 2014

    Bank Indonesia Optimistic about Recording Trade Surplus in February 2014

    Agus Martowardojo, Governor of the central bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia) expects a trade surplus of around USD $700 million in February 2014. If Martowardojo's forecast is realized, it would be a sharp contrast to the USD $430.6 million trade deficit that was recorded one month earlier. In January, the trade deficit was mainly due to declining exports of coal and vegetable oil (which together account for 26.7 percent of total non-oil & gas exports), among others, due to ongoing annual contractual negotiations at the year-start.

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  • Bank Indonesia Lowers Forecast for Economic Growth in 2014 to about 5.7%

    The central bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia) lowered its forecast for growth of Southeast Asia's largest economy in 2014 from the range of 5.8 - 6.2 percent to 5.5 - 5.9 percent as expansion of domestic consumption and exports are less robust than previously estimated. As such, Bank Indonesia implied that economic expansion of Indonesia will slow down further. Starting from 2011, gross domestic product (GDP) growth of Indonesia has declined steadily from 6.5 percent to 5.8 percent in 2013.

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Latest Columns BI

  • Redenomination of Indonesian Rupiah Draft Bill Prepared by BI

    Redenomination of Indonesian Rupiah Draft Bill Prepared by BI

    Bank Indonesia has prepared a draft bill on the redenomination of the Indonesian Rupiah (Draft Bill). The Draft Bill is aiming to improve the economic efficiency and to create smoother commercial transactions. The Draft Bill suggests to remove the final 3 digits of the current Rupiah. By removing the final three digits, the use of the Rupiah would be simplified, however the value of the Rupiah would remain the same.

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  • Bank Indonesia May Not Cut Interest Rates Further for a Long Time

    Bank Indonesia May Not Cut Interest Rates Further for a Long Time

    Bank Indonesia, the central bank of Indonesia, decided to maintain its benchmark interest rate, the BI 7-day (Reverse) Repo Rate (BI-7 day RR Rate), at 4.75 percent at the February 2017 policy meeting as Indonesia's inflation rate is expected to rise amid growing domestic demand and administered price adjustments, while the central bank also tries to mitigate the impact of looming normalization of US interest rates (expected later this year). Meanwhile, Bank Indonesia kept its deposit facility and lending facility rates at 4.00 percent and 5.50 percent, respectively.

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  • Bank Indonesia Kept 7-Day Reverse Repo Rate at 4.75% in November

    Bank Indonesia Keeps 7-Day Reverse Repo Rate at 4.75% in November

    In line with expectations Indonesia's central bank (Bank Indonesia) kept its benchmark reference rate - the BI 7-Day (Reverse) Repo Rate - at 4.75 percent at Thursday's policy meeting (17/11). This decision was made amid the high degree of uncertainty in global financial markets (triggered by the 2016 US presidential election) and stable domestic conditions (low inflation and an improving current account deficit). The high degree of volatility does cause major pressures on the rupiah and therefore Bank Indonesia will continue to stabilize exchange rates through intervention in markets.

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  • Bank Indonesia to Adopt 7-Day Reverse Repo Rate at August Policy Meeting

    Bank Indonesia to Adopt 7-Day Reverse Repo Rate at August Policy Meeting

    This week the central bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia) is set to adopt the seven-day reverse repurchase rate (reverse repo) as the nation's new benchmark monetary tool at the August policy meeting (18/19 August), thus replacing the existing BI rate that is considered too weak to have an immediate and significant impact on Indonesia's borrowing costs and market liquidity. Bank Indonesia Governor Agus Martowardojo informed that the central bank has been holding road shows to financial centers across the nation (and abroad) to provide detailed information about the new benchmark.

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  • Consumer Price Index Indonesia: July Inflation Expected at 1%

    Consumer Price Index Indonesia: July Inflation Expected at 1%

    The central bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia) expects Indonesia's inflation to reach slightly below 1 percent month-to-month (m/m) in July 2016. According to central bank surveys, Indonesia's inflation accelerated in the first and second week of July by 1.18 percent (m/m) and 1.25 percent (m/m), respectively. Juda Agung, Executive Director of Bank Indonesia's Economic and Monetary Policy Department, said inflation tends to peak ahead of - and during - the Idul Fitri holiday (4-8 July) but is set to ease in the third and fourth week.

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  • Bank Indonesia Leaves Interest Rates Unchanged at July Policy Meeting

    Bank Indonesia Leaves Interest Rates Unchanged at July Policy Meeting

    Contrary to expectations, the central bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia) left its monetary policy unchanged at the July policy meeting. The benchmark interest rate (BI rate) was kept at 6.50 percent, while the deposit facility rate and lending facility rate were kept at 4.50 percent and 7.00 percent, respectively. The 7-day reverse repurchase rate, which is set to become the central bank's new benchmark on 19 August 2016 - replacing the BI rate - was left at 5.25 percent.

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  • Press Release Bank Indonesia: BI Rate Held at 7.50% in August 2015

    Press Release Bank Indonesia: BI Rate Held at 7.50% in August 2015

    During Bank Indonesia’s Board of Governors it was decided on 18th August 2015 to hold the BI Rate at 7.50 percent, while maintaining the Deposit Facility rate at 5.50 percent and the Lending Facility rate at 8.00 percent. The decision is consonant with efforts to control inflation within the target corridor of 4±1 percent in 2015 and 2016. In the short term, Bank Indonesia (BI) is focused on efforts to stabilize the rupiah amid uncertainty in the global economy, by optimizing monetary operations in the rupiah and the foreign exchange market.

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  • Circular BI Clarifies Mandatory Use of Rupiah Indonesia (2/2)

    This is the second column explaining the contents of circular letter number 17/11/DKSP on the Mandatory Use of Rupiah Currency in the Territory of Indonesia (Circular BI). In the column of last week we have already discussed the exception to the obligation to use the rupiah in strategic infrastructure projects. In the column of this week we discuss the exception on the mandatory use of the rupiah based on the specific policy set by Bank Indonesia (BI), the prohibition to use dual quotations and the imposition of sanctions in case of violation as detailed in the Circular BI.

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  • Circular Bank Indonesia Clarifies Mandatory Use Rupiah (1/2)

    Circular Bank Indonesia Clarifies Mandatory Use Rupiah (1/2)

    On June 1, 2015, Bank Indonesia (BI) issued circular letter number 17/11/DKSP on the Mandatory Use of Rupiah Currency in the Territory of Indonesia (Circular Bank Indonesia). The Circular Bank Indonesia provides further explanation to the BI regulation number 17/3/PBI/2015 on the Mandatory Use of Rupiah Currency in the Territory of Indonesia (Regulation), which we have discussed in our previous column. The Circular Bank Indonesia does not provide many new additions, and mainly provides clarifications and examples to the matter regulated in the Regulation.

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  • New Regulation on Mandatory Use of Rupiah in Indonesia

    New Regulation on Mandatory Use of Rupiah in Indonesia

    On March 31, 2015, Bank Indonesia issued regulation number 17/3/PBI/2015 concerning Mandatory Use of Rupiah in the Territory of Indonesia (BI Regulation). In the much discussed Law number 7 of 2011 concerning Currency the mandatory use of rupiah in Indonesia was already regulated, however could be exempted in case the contract parties had agreed in writing to the terms of payment in a currency other than rupiah. Under the new BI regulation the terms on the use of foreign currencies are further restricted. In this column we discuss the most important changes based on the BI Regulation.

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