According to the Indonesian Cement Association, domestic cement consumption grew 14.4 percent to 54.9 million tons in 2012. This growth was driven by increased activity in real estate and commercial developments, fuelled by rising middle class spending power and progress in public infrastructure plans.

Indonesia's largest cement producers are Semen Indonesia (previously known as Semen Gresik), Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa and Holcim Indonesia.