The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has released the latest edition of its report, titled Energy Outlook for Asia and the Pacific 2013, this week. The report aims to identify policy, social, infrastructure, and technology issues that should be addressed to meet the future energy needs of members of the ADB in Asia and the Pacific. Key findings in the case of Indonesia include that the country's primary energy demand is projected to reach 445.4 Mtoe in 2035, up from 207.8 Mtoe in 2010 and that it may become a net importer of natural gas.
The report claims that "Indonesia will continue to be a net exporter of coal, while its dependence on oil imports will continue to increase." Meanwhile, the country is likely to turn into a net importer of natural gas sometime after 2030 unless new gas fields start production. The ADB thus advises that energy efficiency improvements should be prioritized to handle the growth in (imported) oil demand. Usage of coal is necessary for Indonesia's energy source diversification, while advanced coal technologies should reduce negative environmental effects of coal use.
"The primary energy demand of Indonesia is projected to increase from 207.8 Mtoe in 2010 to 445.4 Mtoe in 2035, at an annual rate of 3.1 percent. The energy mix will be dominated by oil, accounting for 30.1 percent of primary energy demand in 2035, followed by coal (28.8 percent); natural gas (20.7 percent); others including biomass, geothermal, and new energy sources (19.5 percent); and hydro (0.8 percent)."