The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources said Indonesia managed to raise the nation's electrification ratio to 92.8 percent in the first half of 2017, hence achieving its target. The electrification ratio is the percentage of Indonesian households that are connected to the nation's electricity grid. The 92.8 percent ratio is a great improvement from 84 percent at the end of 2014, implying the Joko Widodo government performed well in this area. It targets for "near-universal" electricity access by 2020.
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Today's Headlines Electricity Consumption
Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN), Indonesia's state-owned electricity company, stated that a total of 158.64 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity was sold in Indonesia in the fist nine months of 2016, up 7.2 percent year-on-year (y/y) from 148.0 TWh of electricity sales in the same period of 2015. Benny Marbun, Head of PLN's Commercial Division, said rising electricity sales (as well as consumption) are the result of Indonesia's improving economy. In 2016 the nation's gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to expand 5.0 percent (y/y), from 4.8 percent (y/y) in 2015.
Demand for lighting in Indonesia will rise in line with the rising electrification ratio (the percentage of households that are connected to the nation's electricity grid). Indonesia's electrification ratio stood at 85 percent in 2015, implying there are still around 40 million Indonesians that do not have instant access to electricity. The government is eager to raise the electrification ratio and this means that demand for lighting should grow accordingly. However, a large portion of lamps/lighting that is sold in Indonesia is still imported from abroad. As such, there should be lucrative business opportunities in Indonesia's lighting industry.
Indonesia's electricity subsidies may exceed the IDR 38.39 trillion (approx. USD $2.8 billion) allocated in the 2016 State Budget as there are probably more customers entitled to electricity subsidy than previously estimated. Last month, the Indonesian government and House of Representatives (DPR) agreed on cutting electricity subsidies for 450 VA and 900 VA households, per 1 January 2016, by disconnecting those people that are currently enjoying cheap electricity rates while they are not classified as 'poor' or 'near-poor' and thus do not deserve the subsidized price.
Despite having abundant natural resources at its disposal (including coal and gas), Indonesia has difficulty to supply enough electricity to its people and businesses. Robust economic growth over the past decade has given rise to increased domestic demand for electricity but the country has not been able to adequately meet demand resulting in frequent blackouts and in one of the lowest electrification rates (the percentage of Indonesian households connected to the nation's electricity grid) in the region (about 80.4 percent at end-2013).
Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) is the state-owned company (SOE) that holds the monopoly on the distribution of electricity in Indonesia. The company is the second-largest SOE by assets after energy company Pertamina. Total capacity of PLN’s power plants at end-2012 have grown to 32.901 MW. The company is tasked to increase Indonesia's electrification ratio (the percentage of Indonesian households that are connected to the nation's electricity grid) to 90 percent by 2020. Currently, the ratio is around 77 percent.
Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN), Indonesia's state-owned company that has a monopoly on the supply and distribution of electricity in Indonesia, introduces the final installment of this year's electricity price hike today (01/10). Electricity tariffs are raised by 4.3 percent each quarter of 2013 as the government tries to curb huge energy subsidies. Poorer households (450 to 900 VA) are not affected by these price adjustments. After the price hikes in January, April, July and October, electricity tariffs will have risen about 15 percent in total in 2013.
Latest Columns Electricity Consumption
Indonesia needs to prepare for higher electricity tariffs as the government and House of Representatives (DPR) agreed on cutting electricity subsidies for 450 VA and 900 VA households starting from 1 January 2016. Indonesian authorities only want to provide electricity subsidies to the 24.7 million poorest Indonesian households. However, currently around 45.4 million Indonesians have connections of 450 VA and 900 VA.
State-owned electricity provider Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) stated that consumption of electricity in Indonesia grew 7.2 percent to 90,48 terawatt hour (twh) in the first six months of 2013 compared to the same period last year. Head of PLN's Commercial Division, Benny Marbun, explained that Indonesia's industrial sector particularly consumed more electricity. Although industrial customers of PLN only grew by 4.5 percent in Semester 1-2013 (YoY), industrial electricity consumption grew 8.3 percent (YoY).
Associated businesses Electricity Consumption