Indonesia's biggest banks seem to have done good business in the third quarter of 2018. After the positive Q3-2018 corporate earnings of Bank Mandiri that were released earlier this week, another major bank in Indonesia - Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) - now shows similar positive numbers.
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Despite the recent rating upgrade from Standard & Poor's, Indonesia's banking sector will not immediately issue bonds to enjoy (expected) higher demand and lower yields. Based on data from the Financial Services Authority (OJK), per March 2017, the value of bonds issued by Indonesian banks fell from IDR 93.22 trillion in December 2016 to IDR 90.25 trillion (approx. USD $6.8 billion) per March 2017.
Indonesia's banking sector expects that House Ownership Credit (Kredit Pemilikan Rumah, abbreviated KPR) will grow strongly in 2016 as Indonesian people's purchasing power and consumer confidence is estimated to improve amid accelerated economic growth. The majority of home buyers in Indonesia use KPR from a financial institution to finance the purchase of a house. However, interest rates on KPR are high and therefore a burden for many property buyers (although the government provides subsidy for the low-income group that uses KPR to finance a first-time property purchase).
Bank Negara Indonesia is the fourth-largest bank of Indonesia in terms of assets, lending and third party funds. The bank provides financial services which are supported by its subsidiaries in shariah banking (Bank BNI Syariah), financing (BNI Multi Finance), the capital market (BNI Securities), and insurance (BNI Life Insurance). In 1996, BNI became the first state-owned bank to go public on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) when it sold 25 percent of its equity to the public.
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The corporate earnings of Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) up to the third quarter of 2016 are in line with expectations. Net income of Indonesia's fourth-largest lender (by assets) rose 28.7 percent (y/y) to IDR 7.7 trillion (approx. USD $529 million) compared to net income in the same period one year earlier (IDR 5.99 trillion), supported by a 21 percent (y/y) increase in credit disbursement to IDR 372 trillion (approx. USD $28.6 billion) and the higher net interest income margin (6.2 percent).
Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI), one of the leading banks in Indonesia, is expected to maintain rising net profit figures in the years ahead due to its decision to focus on (corporate) credit disbursement for domestic infrastructure development projects. In fact, according to RHB OSK Securities, BNI may become the state-controlled bank that benefits most from the government decision to raise its infrastructure budget to IDR 313.5 trillion (approx. USD $24 billion) in the 2016 State Budget. Last year, growth of credit disbursed by BNI to infrastructure projects climbed 116.2 percent (y/y). This year infrastructure credit may grow by another 19 percent.
There is strong demand for Indonesia's sharia-compliant government retail bonds (in Indonesian: Sukuk Negara Ritel, abbreviated Sukri). Since the launch of series SR-008 on Friday (19/02), a number of sales agents have run out of quota. These financial institutions now request additional quota from the government. The three year SR-008 series carries a fixed coupon of 8.3 percent per year (and is tradable on the secondary market). The government of Indonesia targets to collect up to IDR 30 trillion (approx. USD $2.2 billion) in funds from the issuance. Sukri bonds are only available to Indonesian citizens.
The benchmark stock index of Indonesia (Jakarta Composite Index, abbreviated IHSG) rose 0.18 percent to 5,142.01 points on Monday (29/09) despite the sharp depreciation of the Indonesian rupiah exchange rate. Possibly market participants took advantage of relatively cheap blue chip stocks after the 1.3 percent drop on Friday (26/09) caused by negative market sentiments brought about by the parliament’s passing of a bill which abolishes direct voting of regional leaders. Foreign investors recorded net selling of IDR 542.4 billion.
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