| Source: Bank Indonesia

Banks that conduct business using US dollars (or other foreign currencies) have therefore more rupiah-denominated profit after exchanging the foreign currencies for rupiahs.

In the third and fourth quarters of 2014, rupiah-denominated credit is expected to slow as the central bank’s benchmark interest rate (BI rate) is relatively high (7.50 percent) and may be raised again to anticipate the threat of capital outflows amid the looming US interest rate hikes in (early) 2015. Moreover, the central bank (Bank Indonesia) intends to limit credit expansion in Southeast Asia’s largest economy to the range of 15-17 percent (compared to +20 percent in previous years) in order to avert ‘bubbles’ in the economy, inflation, as well as reduce pressure on the wide current account deficit. In the first five months of 2014, credit growth in Indonesia was recorded at 17.87 percent (year-on-year) to IDR 3,403 trillion (USD $290.9 billion).