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Today's Headlines Government Revenues

  • 2019 State Budget Indonesia: Realistic & Rising Focus on Social Spending

    2019 State Budget Indonesia: Realistic & Rising Focus on Social Spending

    There are a couple of interesting points when studying the government's proposed 2019 State Budget (that was unveiled by Indonesian President Joko Widodo on 16 August 2018). Firstly, and this is a usual phenomenon when legislative and presidential elections are around the corner, the proposed budget is characterized by a high degree of "populism". Secondly, the macroeconomic assumptions of the government seem much more realistic than usual.

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  • Indonesia Studying to Scrap Luxury Goods Tax on Foreign Cruise Ships & Yachts

    Indonesia Studying to Scrap Luxury Goods Tax on Foreign Cruise Ships & Yachts

    Indonesia's Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati said her ministry is currently studying the proposal to scrap the luxury goods tax (PPnBM) for the arrival of foreign cruise ships or luxury yachts into Indonesian waters. Based on Finance Ministry Regulation No. 35/PMK.010/2017, the tariff on cruise ships or luxury yachts can be as high as 75 percent as they are categorized as luxury goods.

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  • Debt-to-GDP Ratio Indonesia Safe, Debt-to-Revenue Ratio a Concern

    Debt-to-GDP Ratio Indonesia Safe, Debt-to-Revenue Ratio a Concern

    Reza Akbar, economist at the Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (Indef), is concerned about rising public foreign debt. Although the government and various analysts repeatedly state that Indonesia's (public) debt-to-GDP ratio is safe at a level below 30 percent, Akbar says debt should be seen in relation to government revenue.

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  • Government Proposes to Revise Indonesia's 2017 Budget Deficit

    Government Proposes to Revise Indonesia's 2017 Budget Deficit

    The Indonesian government proposes to revise the budget deficit in the 2017 State Budget as it eyes an increase in spending but a cut in revenue (less-than-expected tax income) in the remainder of the year. On Thursday (06/07) Indonesian Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati handed the proposal to Commission XI of Indonesian parliament. The Finance Ministry now sees the shortfall rising to IDR 36.16 trillion (approx. USD $2.7 billion) in the 2017 budget.

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  • World Bank Releases its March 2017 Indonesia Economic Quarterly

    World Bank Releases its March 2017 Indonesia Economic Quarterly

    According to the World Bank the economy of Indonesia will continue to accelerate in 2017 supported by strengthening global economic growth, overall rising commodity prices (meaning investment and export performance should improve), the nation's low current account deficit, low inflation, and strong fundamentals of the Indonesian economy. These circumstances should boost Indonesia's gross domestic product (GDP) growth to 5.2 percent year-on-year (y/y) in 2017 (from 5.0 percent in the preceding year).

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  • Tax Revenue Realization Indonesia Remains Far from Target

    Tax Revenue Realization Indonesia Remains Far from Target

    Realization of non-oil & gas tax revenue reached IDR 705 trillion (approx. USD $54 billion) up to 26 September 2016, or 53.5 percent of the full-year non-oil & gas revenue target that was set in the Revised 2016 State Budget (IDR 1,318.9 trillion). Ken Dwijugiasteadi, the Finance Ministry’s Taxation Director General, said bleak non-oil & gas tax revenue realization is partly the result of lower income tax and value-added tax realization generated from imports. Both Indonesia's import and export performance have been declining for nearly two years.

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  • Budget Deficit Indonesia Expected to Widen to 2.7% of GDP in 2016

    Budget Deficit Indonesia Expected to Widen to 2.7% of GDP in 2016

    The government of Indonesia may again revise the budget deficit target in the Revised 2016 State Budget (APBN-P 2016). Due to the widening shortfall (primarily caused by weaker than estimated tax revenue collection), the Indonesian government now expects the budget deficit to reach 2.7 percent of the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP), up 0.2 percentage points from the target that was set previously. The new figure is close to the legal cap of 3.0 percent of GDP stipulated by Indonesian law (a law that was implemented to safeguard the nation's fiscal fundamentals).

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  • Bank Indonesia Pessimistic about Fruits of Tax Amnesty Program

    Bank Indonesia Pessimistic about Fruits of Tax Amnesty Program

    The governor of Indonesia's central bank (Bank Indonesia), Agus Martowardojo, stated that he has become highly skeptical about the government's tax amnesty program that was launched in July. At a parliamentary hearing on Wednesday (07/09), Martowardojo said the central bank only expects to see IDR 21 billion (approx. USD $1.6 billion) in additional tax revenue through the amnesty program for the state and only USD $13.8 billion in repatriated funds. These new projections are significantly below the central bank's earlier projections.

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  • Indonesia's 2017 State Budget Proposal Considered Realistic

    Indonesia's 2017 State Budget Proposal Considered Realistic

    Earlier this week Indonesian President Joko Widodo sent the proposal for the 2017 State Budget to Indonesia's House of Representatives (DPR). The proposed budget is regarded far more realistic compared to previous budgets drafted by the Indonesian government and therefore speculation immediately suggested that former World Bank managing director Sri Mulyani Indrawati, who became Indonesia's new finance minister in the latest cabinet reshuffle, had big input in this more pragmatic 2017 budget.

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  • Politics Indonesia: Joko Widodo to Decide for another Cabinet Reshuffle?

    Politics Indonesia: Joko Widodo to Decide for another Cabinet Reshuffle?

    There has been rising speculation in Indonesia in recent months that Indonesian President Joko Widodo will decide for another cabinet reshuffle as several ministers are held responsible for the disappointing performance of their ministries (that have reacted too slow to implement new government guidelines, for example those guidelines set in the series of economic policy packages that have been released since September 2015). On 12 August 2015, Widodo had already reshuffled his cabinet, replacing six ministers.

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Latest Columns Government Revenues

  • Looking Back at 2017: Success & Failure of State Budget Targets

    Looking Back at 2017: Success & Failure of State Budget Targets

    Although realization of most components in Indonesia's state budget have improved in 2017, tax revenue realization and the management of energy subsidies remain the two big challenges for the Indonesian government. Southeast Asia's largest economy again failed to meet its tax revenue target last year. Per 31 December 2017 it collected IDR 1,151.5 trillion (approx. USD $85.3 billion) in tax revenue, only 89.74 percent of the target (excluding customs and excise).

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  • Reforming Indonesia's Tax System is Key to Unlock S&P's Investment Grade

    Reforming Indonesia's Tax System is Key to Unlock S&P's Investment Grade

    In the past two weeks, two of the big international credit rating agencies released new reports about Indonesia's fiscal situation. Both agencies affirmed Indonesia's sovereign debt rating: Fitch Ratings kept Indonesia at BBB-/stable (investment grade class) and Standard & Poor's (S&P) maintained Indonesia at BB+/positive (highest junk level, one notch below investment grade). S&P's decision to keep Indonesia within the junk level category was met with disappointment among investors and Indonesian government officials but perhaps not that surprisingly.

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  • Government Revenue Collection Indonesia at 23% of 2016 Target in Early May

    Government Revenue Collection Indonesia at 23% of 2016 Target in Early May

    So far this year, realization of government revenue in Indonesia (up to 8 May 2016) has reached IDR 419.2 trillion (approx. USD $32 billion), roughly 23 percent of the full-year revenue target in 2016 (IDR 1,822.5 trillion). This result is weaker compared to last year when the government collected IDR 476.3 trillion in the period 1 January - 15 May 2015, or 27 percent of the full-year target. Meanwhile, government spending reached IDR 586.8 trillion between 1 January and 8 May 2016, or 28 percent of the full-year target (IDR 2,095.7 trillion), roughly the same as government spending during the same period last year.

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  • Indonesia in April: State Budget & 7-day Reverse Repurchase Rate

    Indonesia in April: State Budget & 7-day Reverse Repurchase Rate

    If we look back on the month of April, two important matters - related to the economy - occurred in Indonesia this month: (1) in the first week of April, the Indonesian government managed to complete the Revised 2016 State Budget (RAPBN-P 2016), and, one week later, (2) the central bank (Bank Indonesia) announced it will adopt a new benchmark monetary tool per 19 August 2016 - the so-called seven-day reverse repurchase rate - that is to replace the existing BI rate (which fails to influence market liquidity effectively).

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  • Tax System Indonesia: Plans to Cut Corporate Income Tax to 20%

    Tax System Indonesia: Plans to Cut Corporate Income Tax to 20%

    More changes to Indonesia's tax system are in the pipeline. Today (11/04), Indonesia's Finance Minister Bambang Brodjonegoro said Southeast Asia's largest economy plans to cut the corporate income tax rate to 20 percent this year (from 25 percent currently). According to Brodjonegoro a 20 percent corporate tax rate is more competitive and will attract investment. Indonesia's finance minister expressed this plan in a meeting with the nation's parliamentary commission overseeing taxes (an income tax rate cut requires parliamentary approval).

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  • World Bank: SPAN Improves Indonesia's Efficiency, Transparency & Accountability

    World Bank: SPAN Improves Indonesia's Efficiency, Transparency & Accountability

    A new financial management system was launched in April 2015 by the Indonesian government. This new system, called Sistem Perbendaharaan dan Anggaran Negara (abbreviated SPAN), aims to enhance public efficiency, transparency and accountability in Indonesia by managing the financial transactions of more than 24,000 government spending units in all 33 provinces. According to a new World Bank story, Indonesia's new financial system has managed to improve efficiency, transparency and accountability. Moreover, it improves budget planning and spending.

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  • Joko Widodo’s Mission to Enhance Tax Collection in Indonesia

    Joko Widodo’s Mission to Enhance Tax Collection in Indonesia

    One strategy of Indonesian President Joko Widodo to generate more state revenues in order to enhance investments in social and economic development of Indonesia is by improving the country’s tax collection system. As the middle class as well as number of companies that are active in Indonesia has risen rapidly in recent years, it is disappointing that tax collection targets are rarely met in Southeast Asia’s largest economy: tax compliance is low, while corruption among civil servants (tax collectors) remains a structural problem.

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