At the latest policy meeting (29/06) Bank Indonesia decided to relax the loan-to-value (LTV) and financing-to-value (FTV) ratios in the country's property sector (effective per 1 August 2018). By lowering down payment obligations for the consumer, the central bank aims to make it more attractive for consumers to purchase property using House Ownership Credit (Kredit Pemilikan Rumah, KPR), hence boosting overall credit growth as well as Indonesia's macroeconomic growth.
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The property sector of Indonesia remains somewhat depressed. This is reflected by sluggish demand for house ownership credit (in Indonesian: kredit pemilikan rumah, abbreviated as KPR) and apartment ownership credit (kredit pemilikan apartment, or KPA) so far this year. According to data from Indonesia's central bank (Bank Indonesia) KPR and KPA credit disbursement growth stood at 7.7 percent on a year-on-year (y/y) basis in May 2017, slowing from a 7.8 percent (y/y) growth pace in the preceding month.
Although Indonesia's central bank (Bank Indonesia) lowered its benchmark interest rate by 150 basis points in 2016 and eased the nation's loan-to-value (LTV) ratio, implying it should be easier for Indonesian consumers to buy a house or apartment, the disbursement of house ownership credit (kredit pemilikan rumah, abbreviated as KPR) and apartment ownership credit (kredit pemilikan apartment, KPA) in Indonesia remains bleak so far in 2017.
By relaxing the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio, the central bank of Indonesia (Bank Indonesia) expects to see House Ownership Credit (Kredit Pemilikan Rumah, abbreviated KPR) growth to accelerate by an additional 5 percent. Up to April 2016, KPR growth was recorded at 7.61 percent (y/y) only, down significantly from the years 2012-2013 when - amid the glory years of property development in Indonesia - KPR growth touched figures of between 30 - 49 percent (y/y). Back then concerns emerged whether Indonesia was about to experience a price bubble in the property sector.
Bank Indonesia, the central bank of Indonesia, is studying whether it should relax the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio for the purchase of a house through the house ownership credit scheme (in Indonesian: kredit pemilikan rumah, abbreviated KPR). Furthermore, Bank Indonesia may allow the KPR scheme for the purchase of a second house that is still under construction. These measures would be efforts to boost credit growth, particularly in the property sector, and boost overall economic activity in Indonesia.
Indonesia's banking sector expects that House Ownership Credit (Kredit Pemilikan Rumah, abbreviated KPR) will grow strongly in 2016 as Indonesian people's purchasing power and consumer confidence is estimated to improve amid accelerated economic growth. The majority of home buyers in Indonesia use KPR from a financial institution to finance the purchase of a house. However, interest rates on KPR are high and therefore a burden for many property buyers (although the government provides subsidy for the low-income group that uses KPR to finance a first-time property purchase).
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Bank Tabungan Negara (BTN), market leader in Indonesia's mortgage loans sector, is expected to maintain steadily growing earnings supported by House Ownership Credit growth (in Indonesian: Kredit Pemilikan Rumah, abbreviated KPR) and stable financing costs. In fact, RHB Securities and Bahana Securities believe credit growth of BTN will outperform average credit growth in Indonesia's banking sector in full-year 2017. Both securities firm set their credit growth target for BTN at 18 percent (y/y), boosted by subsidized KPR.
Indonesian listed financial institution Bank Tabungan Negara should benefit from the government's Housing Loan Liquidity Facility (in Indonesian: Fasilitas Likuiditas Pembiayaan Perumahan, or FLPP), a government-subsidized mortgage program for those low-income citizens who have never bought a house before. This scheme should boost House Ownership Credit (Kredit Pemilikan Rumah, or KPR) in Southeast Asia's largest economy. Good news for Bank Tabungan Negara, which is the market leader in Indonesia's mortgage loans sector.
Indonesia opened the property market to those foreigners who reside (legally) in Indonesia. However, it also set tough requirements regarding foreign ownership of Indonesian property. Moreover, it remains nearly impossible for expats to obtain a local mortgage to finance the purchase of property. Although local credit may actually not be attractive for foreigners as interest rates are high in Indonesia, it is interesting to take a closer look at why Indonesian banks reject to sell mortgages to foreigners and whether foreigners are actually enticed to buy property in Indonesia?
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