This solid performance is attributed to prudent government management as it anticipated on possible shortages of certain food products during Ramadan and Idul Fitri, thus reducing volatility of food prices. The government ordered imports of rice, sugar, chili and beef. The gold price has also stayed relatively stable, which had a positive effect on the Indonesian rupiah exchange rate.

On a year-on-year basis, inflation is projected to ease to below 5 percent (year-on-year) in July 2014, a significant decline from 6.70 percent (yoy) in the previous month. Last year, July inflation had accelerated sharply (3.29 percent month-on-month) after the government had decided to raise prices of subsidized fuels In June 2013.

Previously, both Finance Minister Chatib Basri and Deputy Governor at Indonesia’s central bank (Bank Indonesia), Mirza Adityaswara, had already stated that they see July inflation below the level of one percent (month-on-month). The central bank still expects year-end inflation to be within its target range of between 3.5 and 5.5 percent. However, it will most likely be in the upper range of that target.

On Monday (04/08), Statistics Indonesia (BPS) will release the official July 2014 inflation figure.

Inflation in Indonesia:

Month  Monthly Growth
 Monthly Growth
January          1.03%          1.07%
February          0.75%          0.26%
March          0.63%          0.08%
April         -0.10%         -0.02%
May         -0.03%          0.16%
June          1.03%          0.43%
July          3.29%  
August          1.12%  
September         -0.35%  
October          0.09%  
November          0.12%  
December          0.55%  
Total          8.38%          1.99%


     Inflation Rate
      June 2014
   Inflation Rate
  Calender 2014
  Inflation Rate
General            0.43            1.99           6.70
- Core            0.25            1.88           4.81
- Administered Price            0.45            2.37          13.47
- Volatile            1.06            2.22           6.74


    2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013
(annual percent change)
   9.8    4.8    5.1    5.4    4.3    8.4

Source: Statistics Indonesia

With inflation under control, the central bank is expected to maintain its benchmark interest rate (BI rate) at 7.50 percent at the next Board of Governor’s Meeting (scheduled for Thursday 14 August). This policy would be in line with the central bank’s aim to reduce the country’s current account deficit to a more sustainable level. In the first quarter of 2014, the current account deficit was recorded at USD $4.2 billion, equivalent to 2.03 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). This deficit is particularly caused by a wide deficit in oil trade. Another reason why Bank Indonesia will most likely not lower the BI rate is because of the risk of capital outflows amid looming interest rates hikes in the USA early next year. 

Current Account Balance of Indonesia (in USD million):

Current Account Indonesia