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Today's Headlines Purchasing Power

  • Non-Taxable Threshold for Personal Income Tax in Indonesia to be Raised?

    Non-Taxable Threshold for Personal Income Tax in Indonesia to be Raised?

    Bambang Brodjonegoro, Indonesian Finance Minister, announced on Wednesday (27/05) that the Indonesian government may raise the income threshold - which separates individuals’ income that is taxable from non-taxable income - by almost 50 percent. Although this move would imply less tax revenue for the government, it would strengthen the purchasing power of the less fortunate Indonesians and can somewhat boost economic activity in an economy that has been plagued by slowing economic growth since 2011.

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  • Indonesian Motorcycle Producers Curb Production on Purchasing Power

    Indonesian Motorcycle Producers Curb Production on Weakened Purchasing Power

    Similar to the automotive industry, Indonesia’s motorcycle industry also feels the effects of lower demand so far this year. Due to Indonesia’s slowing economic growth in combination with the high domestic interest rate and depreciating rupiah, Indonesians’ purchasing power has weakened and thus Indonesian consumers have become more careful before purchasing motorcycles and cars. As a result stocks of motorcycles at local dealers have been rising and one way to have a healthier supply-demand ratio is by limiting motorcycle production.

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  • Car Sales Indonesia 2015: Declining amid Slowing Economic Growth

    The Indonesian Automotive Manufacturers Association (Gaikindo) lowered its car sales target for 2015 to 1.1 million vehicles, down from its original sales target of 1.2 million vehicles, due to persistent slowing economic growth in Indonesia (curbing consumer demand). On Tuesday (05/05), Statistics Indonesia announced that the country’s economic growth slowed to 4.71 percent (y/y) in the first quarter of 2015, a five-year low. Other important factors that negatively influence car sales are inflation, the interest rate, the rupiah, and fuel prices.

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  • Economic Update Indonesia: Car & Cement Sales in First Quarter 2015

    Economic Update Indonesia: Car & Cement Sales in First Quarter 2015

    Two important indicators to measure the condition of an economy are car and cement sales as both statistics provide valuable information about people’s purchasing power (and consumer confidence) as well as infrastructure and property development. In the first quarter of 2015, Indonesia’s car and cement sales declined (compared to the same period in the preceding year), triggering concern that economic growth will fall accordingly. In the first quarter of 2014, Indonesia’s GDP growth had already slowed to 5.14 percent (y/y).

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  • Indonesia Update: Retail Sales, Cement Sales & Motorcycle Sales

    Indonesia Update: Retail Sales, Cement Sales & Motorcycle Sales

    According to the latest survey of Bank Indonesia (the central bank of Indonesia), the country’s January retail sales accelerated 10.4 percent year-on-year (y/y), up from the 3.3 percentage point growth pace (y/y) in the preceding month. Retail sales in the first month of the year in Southeast Asia’s largest economy accelerated because of higher sales of information & communication equipment (+29.9 percent y/y) as well as food, beverages & tobacco products (+15.1 percent y/y).

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  • Stock Market Update: Why Do Indonesian Stocks Hit a Record High?

    Stock Market Update: Why Do Indonesian Stocks Hit a Record High?

    The benchmark stock index of Indonesia (Jakarta Composite Index, abbreviated JCI or IHSG) posted a series of consecutive record high closes during the past week, primarily on the central bank’s (Bank Indonesia) decision to cut its key interest rate (BI rate) by 25 basis points to 7.50 percent, investors’ positive outlook on Indonesian companies’ corporate earnings in 2015 and expectation that the Eurozone’s quantitative easing program will offset the negative impact of monetary tightening in the USA.

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  • Car Sales Industry Indonesia - What are the Forecasts for 2015?

    Car Sales Industry Indonesia - What are the Forecasts for 2015?

    Based on preliminary data, domestic car sales in Indonesia fell 7.2 percent (y/y) to 96,149 vehicles in January 2015 from the same month in 2014. It is believed that the recent (subsidized) fuel price reforms, implemented by the Joko Widodo administration in November and January (which led to accelerated inflation), have made consumers hesitant to buy a car. Car sales are an important indicator to measure consumer confidence and the general state of the economy. In general, when car sales rise the economy is growing.

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  • Indonesia’s 2014 Car Sales Decline amid Slowing Economic Growth

    Indonesia’s 2014 Car Sales Decline amid Slowing Economic Growth

    Domestic car sales in Indonesia were slightly down in 2014 compared to the previous year. Amid the slowing economy (Indonesia’s GDP growth may have fallen from 5.8 percent in 2013 to 5.1 percent in 2014) and political uncertainty (triggered by the fragmented results of the country’s legislative and presidential elections) car sales totaled 1.21 million units in 2014, down 1.8 percent from 1.23 million sold vehicles in 2013, according to the latest data from the Indonesian Automotive Industry Association (Gaikindo).

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  • Indonesia's 2014 Annual Car Sales Fall on Bleak Economy & Fuel Hike

    Domestic car sales in Indonesia declined 15 percent to 91,449 vehicles in November 2014 (from the same month last year). Declining car sales in Southeast Asia’s largest economy are believed to be caused by the recent subsidized fuel price hike. In mid-November the Joko Widodo-led government raised prices of subsidized fuels (low-octane gasoline and diesel) over 30 percent in order to reduce state spending on fuel consumption and reallocate funds to structural economic and social development.

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  • What are the Minimum Wages in Indonesia in 2015?

    What are the Minimum Wages in Indonesia in 2015?

    A total of 29 Indonesian provinces have already confirmed their new provincial minimum wages for the year 2015. Overall (excluding the four remaining provinces), the average Indonesian minimum wage rises 12.77 percent (y/y) in 2015. Although this growth is considerable, it is smaller than Indonesia’s minimum wage growth in 2014 (19.10 percent y/y). The highest minimum wage growth occurred in the province of Bangka Belitung (28 percent), while the lowest wage increase was in Riau (0.58 percent).

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Latest Columns Purchasing Power

  • CEOs' Optimism about Indonesian Economy & Politics Falls Slightly

    CEOs' Optimism about Indonesian Economy & Politics Falls Slightly

    Chief executive officers (CEOs) in Indonesia have become slightly less optimistic about the Indonesian economy and politics. This makes sense considering the presence of simmering global trade tensions, sharp rupiah depreciation against the US dollar, and Bank Indonesia's recent series of interest rate hikes.

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  • Indonesia's Purchasing Power, Retail Sales & Consumption on the Rise

    Indonesia's Purchasing Power, Retail Sales & Consumption on the Rise

    There are signs that household consumption in Indonesia is rebounding ahead of this year's Idul Fitri holiday. This would be a great boost for Indonesia's overall economic growth as private consumption accounts for around 57 percent of the nation's total economic growth. One of the reasons why Indonesia's gross domestic product (GDP) growth has been stuck around the 5 percent (y/y) mark in recent years is subdued household consumption (which has fallen slightly below the 5 percent y/y mark).

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  • Indonesian Food Manufacturers in Focus: Indofood Sukses Makmur

    Indonesian Food Manufacturers in Focus: Indofood Sukses Makmur

    Corporate earnings of Indonesia-based food manufacturer Indofood Sukses Makmur, which ranks among the biggest companies that are listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange, are affected by subdued household consumption and fierce competition in the processed foods and beverage sector of Indonesia. Indofood Sukses Makmur has operations in each stage of the food manufacturing process, ranging from the production and processing of raw materials to consumer end-products on retailers' shelves.

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  • In Times of Elections Consumer Goods Companies Are Great Stock Picks

    In Times of Elections Consumer Goods Companies Are Great Stock Picks

    Consumer goods companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange are expected to experience two good years in 2018 and 2019 due to the presence of the "political years" (regional elections in 2018 followed by legislative and presidential elections in 2019). Traditionally, consumption rises amid these "parties of democracy" and therefore those consumer goods companies with strong brands are expected to see rising sales in this period.

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  • DBS Group Research: Household Consumption to Improve in 2018

    DBS Group Research: Household Consumption to Improve in 2018

    Household consumption in Indonesia is expected to improve in 2018. This assumption is based on a number of indicators that show a positive trend. For example, consumer confidence in Indonesia rose to 126.4 points in December 2017. The country's macroeconomic picture is also strengthening with accelerating economic growth, low inflation and a stable (or actually appreciating) rupiah rate.

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  • Government of Indonesia Sees No Weakening Purchasing Power

    Government of Indonesia Sees No Weakening Purchasing Power

    Within Indonesia it is still being debated whether consumers' purchasing power has really weakened in the third quarter. Some argue consumers are currently focused on saving their money rather than spending it (this explains rising third-party funds in Indonesia's banking system). Others argue that Indonesia's household consumption data are distorted because this year's Ramadan and Idul Fitri celebrations fell in the second quarter of the year (whereas in 2016 these celebrations fell in Q3).

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  • Opinion Piece: Is Indonesia's Purchasing Power Actually Weak?

    Opinion Piece: What's Behind Indonesia's Weak Purchasing Power?

    Over the past couple of months there have been many reports about Indonesia's weak consumer purchasing power. For example, the Indonesian Retailers Association (Aprindo) said it detected rather weak retail sales during this year's Idul Fitri period (the week-long holiday that marks the end of the Islamic fasting month). Whereas these sales rose 16.3 percent during last year's edition of Idul Fitri, they rose only by an estimated 5-6 percent this year.

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  • Bank Indonesia Ending the Era of High Interest Rates?

    Bank Indonesia Ending the Era of High Interest Rates?

    Bank Indonesia (BI) is the central bank of the Republic of Indonesia, and was known as "De Javasche bank" or "The Java Bank" in the colonial period.  Bank Indonesia was founded on 1 July 1953 from the nationalization of De Javasche Bank. As an independent state institution, Bank Indonesia is fully autonomous in formulating and implementing each of its assumed tasks and most policy goals tend to center around the ability to stabilize prices in the economy.

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  • Indonesian Food Producers in Focus: Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur

    Indonesian Food Producers in Focus: Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur

    Packaged food producer Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur, subsidiary of Indofood Sukses Makmur, is expected to see rising profit in the second half of 2016 on the back of lower prices of raw materials (particularly wheat flour, the key ingredient for instant noodles), the stronger rupiah and improved purchasing power of Indonesia's consumer force. Meanwhile, the company may manage to curb losses that originate from the beverage segment. Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur has 6 business segments: noodles, dairy, snack foods, food seasoning, nutrition and special food products, and beverages.

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  • Indonesian Food Manufacturers in Focus: Indofood Sukses Makmur

    Indonesian Food Manufacturers in Focus: Indofood Sukses Makmur

    Growth in the fast moving consumer goods sector will surely boost overall growth and the financial performance of Indofood Sukses Makmur, one of Indonesia's largest food manufacturing firms. Moreover, the stronger rupiah and lower costs of raw materials will also impact positively on the company's earnings. Indofood Sukses Makmur, part of the Salim Group, offers a wide variety of food and beverage products to Indonesian consumers ranging from instant noodles, dairy, snacks, food seasoning, and nutrition to special foods and beverages.

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